Pengertian Wawasan Nusantara: Menyingkap Kekayaan Alam dan Budaya Indonesia

Indonesia, the world’s largest archipelago, is known for its breathtaking natural wonders, vibrant cultural heritage, and diverse ethnic groups. Understanding the concept of “Wawasan Nusantara” is crucial to appreciating the richness and complexity of Indonesia. In this article, we will delve into the meaning of Wawasan Nusantara, exploring its historical roots, key principles, and its relevance in today’s society.

A Brief History of Wawasan Nusantara

Wawasan Nusantara, which translates to “archipelagic insight” or “archipelagic consciousness,” was first introduced by President Sukarno in 1957. At its core, Wawasan Nusantara promotes unity, harmony, and prosperity among Indonesians, regardless of their ethnic, cultural, or religious backgrounds. It aims to ensure the sustainable development of the archipelago, taking into account its diverse natural resources and cultural heritage.

During Sukarno’s presidency, Indonesia faced numerous challenges, including territorial disputes, foreign intervention, and internal conflicts. Wawasan Nusantara emerged as a response to these challenges, emphasizing the need for a united Indonesian identity and fostering a sense of nationalism among its people.

Key Principles of Wawasan Nusantara

Wawasan Nusantara is built upon several key principles that define its essence:

  1. Unity in Diversity: Indonesia is home to more than 17,000 islands, each with its own unique culture, language, and traditions. Wawasan Nusantara celebrates this diversity and seeks to strengthen the bond between different communities, promoting mutual respect, tolerance, and understanding.
  2. Maritime Nation: As an archipelagic nation, Indonesia has a strong connection to the sea. Wawasan Nusantara recognizes the importance of the ocean as a source of livelihood, trade routes, and ecological diversity. It emphasizes the need to protect and conserve Indonesia’s marine resources for future generations.
  3. Territorial Integrity: Wawasan Nusantara reaffirms Indonesia’s sovereignty over its territory, including its land, sea, and airspace. It promotes unity in protecting national borders, strengthening the country’s defense capabilities, and safeguarding the nation’s integrity against any threat.
  4. Environmental Preservation: Indonesia is renowned for its rich biodiversity, from lush rainforests to coral reefs. Wawasan Nusantara emphasizes the importance of sustainable development, promoting the conservation of natural resources, and mitigating the adverse effects of environmental degradation.
  5. National Identity and Cultural Heritage: Wawasan Nusantara aims to preserve and promote Indonesia’s cultural heritage, acknowledging the contribution of each ethnic group in shaping the nation’s identity. It encourages the dissemination of traditional arts, languages, and values to foster a shared sense of pride and belonging.

Relevance of Wawasan Nusantara in Today’s Society

In the modern era, the concept of Wawasan Nusantara remains as relevant as ever. It serves as a guiding principle for sustainable development, helping to address contemporary challenges and shape Indonesia’s future. Here’s why Wawasan Nusantara matters:

  1. Regional Connectivity: With the advancement of technology, the world has become increasingly interconnected. Wawasan Nusantara encourages Indonesia to actively engage with its neighboring countries, fostering economic partnerships, cultural exchanges, and regional connectivity.
  2. Economic Development: Wawasan Nusantara recognizes the immense economic potential of the archipelago. By tapping into its abundant natural resources and promoting responsible tourism, Indonesia can achieve inclusive and sustainable economic growth.
  3. Environmental Sustainability: As climate change poses a global threat, Wawasan Nusantara emphasizes the importance of environmental preservation. By implementing eco-friendly practices, promoting renewable energy, and protecting fragile ecosystems, Indonesia can become a leader in sustainable development.
  4. National Unity: Indonesia is a diverse country with hundreds of ethnic groups, religions, and languages. Wawasan Nusantara plays a crucial role in fostering national unity, promoting social cohesion, and ensuring that every Indonesian feels a sense of belonging and pride in their country.


Wawasan Nusantara represents a vision for a prosperous, united, and sustainable Indonesia. Its principles of unity in diversity, maritime nation, territorial integrity, environmental preservation, and cultural heritage guide the country towards a brighter future. By embracing the concept of Wawasan Nusantara, Indonesia can unlock its vast potential and become a shining example of how a diverse nation can thrive together.

Key Takeaways

  • Wawasan Nusantara promotes unity, harmony, and prosperity among Indonesians.
  • It recognizes the diversity of Indonesia and the need for mutual respect and understanding.
  • Wawasan Nusantara emphasizes the importance of the ocean, environmental preservation, and cultural heritage.
  • It remains relevant in today’s society, fostering regional connectivity, economic development, and national unity.


Q: What is Wawasan Nusantara in English?

A: Wawasan Nusantara can be translated as “archipelagic insight” or “archipelagic consciousness.”

Q: Who introduced the concept of Wawasan Nusantara?

A: Wawasan Nusantara was first introduced by President Sukarno in 1957.

Q: What are the main principles of Wawasan Nusantara?

A: The main principles of Wawasan Nusantara are unity in diversity, maritime nation, territorial integrity, environmental preservation, and national identity and cultural heritage.

Q: Why is Wawasan Nusantara important?

A: Wawasan Nusantara is important as it promotes national unity, sustainable development, and regional connectivity, among other things.